The expansion of the forestry and plantation sectors in Indonesia over the last two decades cannot be separated from the increase in conflicts over land use and natural resources, as well as the awareness of the social, economic and environmental impacts of these conflicts.

Therefore, land-based business activities must also include conflict management efforts, ranging from limited and local disputes, wider land use conflicts, to land management cases that require judicial resolution in accordance with relevant regulations and policies.

The term “agrarian conflict” is more commonly used than land conflict because the term refers to a broader issue of natural resource management.

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Strategic Objectives for 2020-2024

  1. Establish an independent conflict resolution agency mandated by the state to deal with agrarian conflicts and natural wealth management in order to improve the land-based investment climate, address human rights and social justice issues, and ensure effective environmental protection.
  2. Building strong constituent support and legitimacy for the CRU as a reliable and independent conflict resolution agency in dealing with tenure conflicts at the site level and mediating the implementation of national policies by increasing awareness of the importance of conflict resolution.
  3. Develop a credible and professional independent conflict resolution agency.

Latest News


With the growing of land and natural resources conflict in Indonesia, mediation – as a field and profession – starting to become a in demand-topic. 


Larry Fisher
University of Arizona

Reducing the risk of conflict avoids unnecessary costs in the future.


Rezal Kusumaatmadja
PT Rimba Makmur Utama

The success and failure of mediation are influenced by social, economic, as well as political factors, apart from being highly dependent on the point of view of the actors involved in the mediation process, hence the process always subjective, relative and contextual.


Suraya Affif
University of Indonesia